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  • For making an architectural model I
    For making an architectural model I
    TIME: 2017 - 09 - 12
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    During the design stage of architect has to grasp the overall idea and layout the design. While sketching out the volume and form of the building,he transfer the experience,memories,and thoughts onto the paper.

    As his own free hand drawing ,it develops the basic plan through organizing the idea and concept .It is an expression of the ideas,the ones that you never know when its going to pop up.You can imagine the building through various representations such as diagrams and sketches(free hand,perspectives).

    You cannot understand not only the overall form or volume of the building,but also the landscape form various viewpoints,with only 2-dimensional drawings,There are possibilities of contradiction and errors,and you need to check the points that cannot be seen in certain viewpoints.This is why there needs to be model making.Model making switches the 2-dimensional into 2-dimensiona form and is a representation that allows accurate judgment and prediction of the space.It reveals what was hidden and forgotten during stage,becoming possible to check what needs reassessment,As this process repeats,it arouses the motive to get closer to the initial idea and concept-It is the basic tool that broadens the architects thoughts.





  • Talk about the architectural model III
    Talk about the architectural model III
    TIME: 2017 - 09 - 02
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     Modernism as Dominant Style 


    By the 1920s the most important figures in Modern architecture had established their reputations. The big three are commonly recognized as Le Corbusier in France, and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and Walter Gropius in Germany. Mies van der Rohe and Gropius were both directors of the Bauhaus, one of a number of European schools and associations concerned with reconciling craft tradition and industrial technology. 


    Frank Lloyd Wright's career parallels and influences the work of the European modernists, particularly via the Wasmuth Portfolio, but he refused to be categorized with them. Wright was a major influence on both Gropius and van der Rohe, however, as well as on the whole of organic architecture. 


    In 1932 came the important MOMA exhibition, the International Exhibition of Modern Architecture, curated by Philip Johnson. Johnson and collaborator Henry-Russell Hitchcock drew together many distinct threads and trends, identified them as stylistically similar and having a common purpose, and consolidated them into the International Style. 


    This was an important turning point. With World War II the important figures of the Bauhaus fled to the United States, to Chicago, to the Harvard Graduate School of Design, and to Black Mountain College. While Modern architectural design never became a dominant style in single-dwelling residential buildings, in institutional and commercial architecture Modernism became the pre-eminent, and in the schools (for leaders of the profession) the only acceptable, design solution from about 1932 to about 1984. 


    Architects who worked in the international style wanted to break with architectural tradition and design simple, unornamented buildings. The most commonly used materials are glass for the facade, steel for exterior support, and concrete for the floors and interior supports; floor plans were functional and logical. The style became most evident in the design of skyscrapers. Perhaps its most famous manifestations include the United Nations headquarters (Le Corbusier, Oscar Niemeyer, Sir Howard Robertson), the Seagram Building (Ludwig Mies van der Rohe), and Lever House (Skidmore, Owings, and Merrill), all in New York. A prominent residential example is the Lovell House (Richard Neutra) in Los Angeles. 


    Detractors of the international style claim that its stark, uncompromisingly rectangular geometry is dehumanising. Le Corbusier once described buildings as "machines for living", but people are not machines and it was suggested that they do not want to live in machines. Even Philip Johnson admitted he was "bored with the box." Since the early 1980s many architects have deliberately sought to move away from rectilinear designs, towards more eclectic styles. During the middle of the century, some architects began experimenting in organic forms that they felt were more human and accessible. Mid-century modernism, or organic modernism, was very popular, due to its democratic and playful nature. Alvar Aalto and Eero Saarinen were two of the most prolific architects and designers in this movement, which has influenced contemporary modernism. 


    Although there is debate as to when and why the decline of the modern movement occurred, criticism of Modern architecture began in the 1960s on the grounds that it was universal, sterile, elitist and lacked meaning. Its approach had become ossified in a "style" that threatened to degenerate into a set of mannerisms. Siegfried Giedion in the 1961 introduction to his evolving text, Space, Time and Architecture (first written in 1941), could begin "At the moment a certain confusion exists in contemporary architecture, as in painting; a kind of pause, even a kind of exhaustion." At the Metropolitan Museum of Art, a 1961 symposium discussed the question "Modern Architecture: Death or Metamorphosis?" In New York, the coup d'état appeared to materialize in controversy around the Pan Am Building that loomed over Grand Central Station, taking advantage of the modernist real estate concept of "air rights",[1] In criticism by Ada Louise Huxtable and Douglas Haskell it was seen to "sever" the Park Avenue streetscape and "tarnish" the reputations of its consortium of architects: Walter Gropius, Pietro Belluschi and the builders Emery Roth & Sons. The rise of postmodernism was attributed to disenchantment with Modern architecture. By the 1980s, postmodern architecture appeared triumphant over modernism, including the temple of the Light of the World, a futuristic design for its time Guadalajara Jalisco La Luz del Mundo Sede International; however, postmodern aesthetics lacked traction and by the mid-1990s, a neo-modern (or hypermodern) architecture had once again established international pre-eminence. As part of this revival, much of the criticism of the modernists has been revisited, refuted, and re-evaluated; and a modernistic idiom once again dominates in institutional and commercial contemporary practice, but must now compete with the revival of traditional architectural design in commercial and institutional architecture; residential design continues to be dominated by a traditional aesthetic.






  • Talk about the architectural model II
    Talk about the architectural model II
    TIME: 2017 - 09 - 01
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    Origins 


    Some historians see the evolution of Modern architecture as a social matter, closely tied to the project of Modernity and hence to the Enlightenment, a result of social and political revolutions. 


    Others see Modern architecture as primarily driven by technological and engineering developments, and it is true that the availability of new building materials such as iron, steel, concrete and glass drove the invention of new building techniques as part of the Industrial Revolution. In 1796, Shrewsbury mill owner Charles Bage first used his ‘fireproof’ design, which relied on cast iron and brick with flag stone floors. Such construction greatly strengthened the structure of mills, which enabled them to accommodate much bigger machines. Due to poor knowledge of iron's properties as a construction material, a number of early mills collapsed. It was not until the early 1830s that Eaton Hodgkinson introduced the section beam, leading to widespread use of iron construction, this kind of austere industrial architecture utterly transformed the landscape of northern Britain, leading to the description, "Dark satanic mills" of places like Manchester and parts of West Yorkshire. The Crystal Palace by Joseph Paxton at the Great Exhibition of 1851 was an early example of iron and glass construction; possibly the best example is the development of the tall steel skyscraper in Chicago around 1890 by William Le Baron Jenney and Louis Sullivan. Early structures to employ concrete as the chief means of architectural expression (rather than for purely utilitarian structure) include Frank Lloyd Wright's Unity Temple, built in 1906 near Chicago, and Rudolf Steiner's Second Goetheanum, built from 1926 near Basel, Switzerland. 


    Other historians regard Modernism as a matter of taste, a reaction against eclecticism and the lavish stylistic excesses of Victorian Era and Edwardian Art Nouveau. 


    Whatever the cause, around 1900 a number of architects around the world began developing new architectural solutions to integrate traditional precedents (Gothic, for instance) with new technological possibilities. The work of Louis Sullivan and Frank Lloyd Wright in Chicago, Victor Horta in Brussels, Antoni Gaudi in Barcelona, Otto Wagner in Vienna and Charles Rennie Mackintosh in Glasgow, among many others, can be seen as a common struggle between old and new. 


  • Talk about the architectural model I
    Talk about the architectural model I
    TIME: 2017 - 08 - 29
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    Modern architecture, not to be confused with 'contemporary architecture', is a term given to a number of building styles with similar characteristics, primarily the simplification of form and the elimination of ornament. While the style was conceived early in the 20th century and heavily promoted by a few architects, architectural educators and exhibits, very few Modern buildings were built in the first half of the century. For three decades after the Second World War, however, it became the dominant architectural style for institutional and corporate building. 

     The two special building in the photos make me feel excited. There is no doubt that both of them cost very much. I can’t imagine that how I feel if I live in one of them at first sight.     The castle in first photo has a Western style, sort of like the White House. It has a big, clear lake and large, green grass which makes me feel serene in my imagination. And the Chinese-style house in the other photo is also fantastic, which is built near the river and has mountains on its back.    In my opinion, the first one is the most luxurious because it occupies much more fields and has much more room for the host. There’s no doubt that it costs much more than the other one.  Not only the serenity but also the beautiful shape make me like the castle most. Therefore, I prefer to live in that castle if I could. If I own one of these buildings, I will feel good but it can’t be enough to make me happy because I have no idea whether my families like it.     To my mind, how much cost of the house is not equal to how much the happiness about living. Every expensive house not only has its advantage but also its disadvantage. For example, the castle that I prefer to live also has something make me uncomfortable. Perhaps I am not accustomed to the style of the house or I may feel alone because there is no neighbor nearby. And the other house may be in danger if it has a heavy rain or a large storm.




  • how to make architectural model
    how to make architectural model
    TIME: 2017 - 08 - 21
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    how to make architectural model

    Laser cutting has many applications in the field of architecture, specifically through model making. Architecture requires the incredible precision and digital design compatibility that laser cutting is well equipped to handle. We’ve worked with several architectural firms in the past to refine designs for the laser cutting process, select appropriate materials and create high-quality, client ready models of buildings, homes and landscapes.


    Architects help to design the modern world around us. Get back into school with an exciting architecture exploration! Your child can research, draw, and build his own school out of reused cardboard and plastic products, with a little bit of paint added for decoration.


    This activity will encourage your child to practice math skills such as measuring, spatial awareness, adding and subtracting, and geometry while learning about basic architecture concepts such as form and function. Create small scale models or build as big as you can to transform plain paper and boxes into school-inspired architectural marvels!


    If you are an architect or architecture student in the NYC area looking for consulting around laser cutting or just want to have some pre-prepared files cut, let us know! We’d love to help.








  • Built structure II
    Built structure II
    TIME: 2017 - 07 - 26
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     Built structure II

    As people first began to live together in towns and cities, types of architecture became more complex. Some of the oldest buildings that have been found include the pyramids in Egypt and the ziggurats in Mesopotamia, and other early temples. The houses common people lived in were fairly simple, small and close together.
    The architecture of the Ancient Greeks and Romans is called Classical architecture. Some important classical buildings have stone columns with complex designs. Greek columns have beams placed across them, but Romans developed the arch in their architecture which was spread across the Roman Empire.

    Chinese architecture Chinese traditional wooden structure building to the main building to the Western tradition masonry based. Modern architecture is based on reinforced concrete based. Chinese ancient architecture with a simple and elegant style, mainly grass, wood for building materials, methods for the structure of wood structure (columns, beams, Fang, purlins, rafters and other components), in accordance with the structure of the actual needs of size, shape and report the combination together. This approach reflects the ancient architectural structure of the patriarchal social structure clear, orderly and stable. Ancient architecture Since the production of wooden beams is not easy material to form a huge interior space, clever use of ancient buildings have natural space other towns to form a courtyard. Courtyard is the basic unit of construction, it is both closed, and is open.

     

     

     

  • The development history of business shows
    The development history of business shows
    TIME: 2017 - 07 - 12
    Click:7

     The development history of business shows

    The design concept of modern business shows was formed at the end of the twentieth century, but the application of human beings to business shows was much earlier.

    (A) Beginning  period

      In the western countries, in the early Middle Ages, mankind appeared in the form of market trade in commodity trading. At that time, people will be directly spread to the goods barely, and consciously classified display, the late also appeared in the specialized items of the bed, forming the initial commodity display and the prototype of the trade fair.

      China'sSichuan Guanghan unearthed in the Eastern Han Dynasty portrait brick, you can clearly see the shop owner is how to through the physical display and oral speculation to attract customers of the scene. Southern Song,Mr Wu Zimu wright "Dream beam recorded", has a detailed description of the Southern Song Dynastyin Hangzhou City, display a variety colorful of shops and goods on the scene,At that time, In the medieval European painting, we can also see the store display and store signs of the prototype. Here can be seen, when the commercial activities are mainly reflected in the shop industry and market trade. Some shops and guild organizations in order to promote, they begin to pay attention topublicity image; they use model that made of the relevant product goods or other materials and hanging in front of the shop, as a business logo.

    (B) the development period

      In the mid-nineteenth century, the rise of the European industrial revolution, the rapid development of productive forces, the increasing number of various products, new products continue toincreased ,in order to reach thegoods to consumers as soon as possible, the packaging of goods and commodities Innovation in sales venues is becoming more and more important. Economic development, people's living standards improved, so that people put forward the requirements of spiritual aesthetic ofthe goods and consumer places when shopping.  As a result, in the case of commodity packaging and shop display, the new concept - the effect of decoration (publicity and landscaping) was given, but because of the conflict between artists and craftsmen and machines, many shops were still in simple space design and Merchandise on display. After entering the 1920s, the production process of large industry has promoted the design and practical application of the major changes and development. However, due to the industrialization of large-scale production advocated in the rational and monotonous style and the lack of resources caused by the Second World War, restricting the development of commercial display.

    (C) the maturity period

      After the Second World War, due to the rapid economic development, diversification of goods are greatly satisfied people's needs for material goods. Commodity sales have produced a huge change in the form of various types of sales have also occurred, appeared in department stores, open-shelf self-service stores; in the 60's later, there have been large shopping centers, chain stores and supermarkets, Commercial display into the stage of modernization. Customers can shop with pleasure in a variety of sales environments, in a variety of ways. At the same time, there are many display stand as a sales of auxiliary functions so that promotional behavior can be more effective implementation. After the process of industrial production, in the design techniques, production materials, business philosophy and sales methods, but also has made great progress, the unified mode of production has been unable to meet the requirements of the market, more colorful, multi-form to enrich the people's life and sales form.

     

     

     

     

  • What is low-cost model bring to customers?
    What is low-cost model bring to customers?
    TIME: 2017 - 06 - 26
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     What is low-cost model bring to customers?

    In recent years, due to the number of building model enterprises areincreasing , competition is fierce. Building model industry has no uniform industry standards, the business market is very chaotic. Many model enterprises in order to win customers, a price war, or even pull the price below the cost. Part of model business withthe low price , roughly divided into several characteristics:

    1. Use of poor quality materials for production (easy to deformation, foam, fade and other phenomena);

    2. The use of low-end computer engraving equipment, poor precision, rough walls;

    3. Staff hand-work level is low, the production process is rough;

    4. Model circuit step is cutting corners, easy to cause fire accidents, circuit repair rate is higher;

    5. Some companies are very poor stability, and stop running at anytime ,cause troubles for the  late maintenance.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

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